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Physics Colloquium: Coherent Control and Attosecond Dynamics with Pulsed XUV and IR Radiation

March 21, 2018 @ 1:30 pm - 2:30 pm

Date: March 21, 2018

Time: 1:30-2:30pm

Location: PSB 160/161

Speaker: Klaus Bartschat (Drake University)

Title: Coherent Control and Attosecond Dynamics with Pulsed XUV and IR Radiation

Abstract: The enormous advances in the generation of advanced light sources have enabled the exploration of the
ultrafast dynamics in atoms and molecules, thereby promising a rich field of possibilities in the control of matter. One aim of quantum coherent control is to steer electronic motion in atoms and molecules in specific directions or locations. Recently, experimental manipulation of the photoelectron angular distribution (PAD) was achieved using the Free-Electron Laser (FEL) at FERMI in Trieste (Italy) by controlling the relative time-delay between the fundamental and second harmonic of a linearly polarized femtosecond extreme ultraviolet (XUV) pulse to an unprecedented precision of three attoseconds. [1] We present a variety of schemes by which control of the PAD asymmetry can be achieved, such as interfering one-photon and two-photon ionization pathways in a region of an intermediate resonance, overlapping the XUV pulse with an infrared (IR) field, or using circularly polarized light. Employing circularly polarized light opens up a number of particularly interesting possibilities in the study of multiphoton ionization processes. For example, a circular dichroism is revealed in an ionization scheme for which an XUV pulse ionizes helium and then sequentially pumps the remaining electron to an oriented excited state of He+, while an overlapping optical field, which can either be co-rotating or counter-rotating with respect to the XUV field, further ionizes the residual He+ ion via multiphoton absorption [2]. Few-cycle elliptically polarized pulses can be employed in so-called “attoclock experiments” to investigate the tunneling time in strong-field ionization to test the claim that tunneling ionization in atomic hydrogen is instantaneous [3]. Recently, we used a one-dimensional model with linearly polarized light in a shortrange Yukawa potential to show that the often-used picture of a probability flow traversing the entire barrier from the inner to the outer classically allowed regions is fundamentally flawed [4]. An update on the latest
development, an experimental attoclock experiment on atomic hydrogen [5], will also be presented.

[1] K. C. Prince et al., Nature Photonics 81 (2016) 043408.
[2] M. Ilchen et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 (2017) 013002.
[3] L. Torlina et al., Nature Physics 11 (2015) 502.
[4] N. Douguet and K. Bartschat, Phys. Rev. A 97 (2018) 013402.
[5] Satya Sainadh et al., arXiv 1707.05445 (2018).


March 21, 2018
1:30 pm - 2:30 pm
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