As part of a series of microgravity experiments to investigate the transitions between sticking, bouncing and fragmentation of colliding dust aggregates, the Suborbital Particle and Aggregation Experiment-2 (SPACE-2) is scheduled to fly on the Exos Aerospace SARGE vehicle in early 2019, gathering more dust collision data as well as testing components for an upcoming CubeSat experiment (Q-PACE).
The payload is composed of four chambers containing particles of different types and sizes (see Figure 1a). For each experiment chamber, a particle reservoir will allow for the injection of additional particles into the chamber during the flight. Two reservoirs are carved out of a cylinder for each experiment chamber containing particles compressed by a spring-loaded plate. Upon rotation of this cylinder, each reservoir can align with an opening to the experiment chamber, releasing the particles. Three orthogonal linear solenoids will provide for three-dimensional shaking of the particles. The particle collisions in each experiment chamber are backlit by an LED panel and recorded by a GoPro camera.
SPACE-2 will fly on the SARGE vehicle of Exos Aerospace Systems & Technologies in early 2018. The ballistic apogee of the SARGE flight trajectory is at around 100 km, providing for exposure to a near-space environment and a microgravity phase of about 90 s at 10-4 g levels. During this time, we will perform a three-phase experiment run, sequentially releasing the reservoir particles into the experiment chamber, and ramping the shaking speed up and down to monitor the multi-particle system response to a range of accelerations.
The objective of the SPACE-2 experiment is the extension of the data collection started with SPACE, which flew on the Rocket Experiments for University Students 12 (REXUS 12) in 2012, to a wider range of particle sizes and compositions. SPACE-2 will investigate the influence of a size distribution as well as the presence of fine dust on the collision behavior of multi-particle systems.
In addition, SPACE-2 will allow for the testing of experiment hardware for the upcoming CubeSat Particle Aggregation and Collision Experiment (Q-PACE), a 3U CubeSat due to launch for Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) in Q2 2019. SPACE-2 is testing the experiment chamber and camera system of Q-PACE in the environmental conditions of space (low pressure and temperature, microgravity). During the rocket flight, we will be able to perform a functionality test on the particle injection mechanism (reservoir rotation using either a motor or a solenoid), the shaking mechanism (solenoids and levers), and measure the optimal experiment parameters for the long term CubeSat flight (shaking frequency, number of particles for each size).
(a) SPACE-2 particle chambers (four) on the SARGE baseplate. Reservoirs are indicated by arrows; (b) lid with the electronics stacks on top; (c) inside of the lid showing the experiment cameras (four); (d) top view of the electronics stacks (two).